1990 - Ph.D Education, Stanford University.
Dissertation: Instrumental and agentive uses of the computer: Their role in learning French as a foreign language.
1985 - MA Education, Stanford University.
1982 - MA English, San Francisco State University (SFSU).
Thesis: Utilizing Maslow\'s hierarchy of needs as an organizing principle to the notional approach to second language learning.
1979- Licence, Paris III - Sorbonne Nouvelle.